Once a government or tech company develops a definition of terrorism or violent extremism, it can be difficult to know how to apply these definitions to the variety of ways that terrorism and violent extremism manifests internationally and across online spaces.

This section of the site aims to highlight contextual resources on themes related to applying definitions to the online space.  GIFCT funds the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET) to bring forward actionable insights from experts and practitioners around the world to better inform and give context to tech companies, governments, practitioners and other stakeholders in this field. Insights are curated here under context-based themes.


  • 11th April 2023
    25 Years After the Good Friday Agreement: Persistent Violence and the Role of Digital Platforms in Northern Ireland Today
    Kit Rickard
  • 06th April 2023
    From Blaming China to Attacking Domestic Elites: The Evolution of Hate Speech in a Telegram Channel during the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Dr. Matteo Vergani, Alfonso Martinez Arranz, Dr. Ryan Scrivens and Liliana Orellana
  • 05th April 2023
    Terrorwave: The Aesthetics of Violence and Terrorist Imagery in Militant Accelerationist Subcultures
    Joshua Molloy
  • 04th April 2023
    Terrorist Bots: How Islamic State has Automated Management of its Online Community on Telegram
    Abdullah Alrhmoun, János Kertész and Charlie Winter
  • 03rd April 2023
    ‘Telegram is King’: Extremist Foreign Fighters in the Russo-Ukrainian war
    Clara May
  • 27th March 2023
    ‘Tomatoes for Tanks’: Humour and Violence in Post-Brexit Meme Culture
    Bàrbara Molas
  • 24th March 2023
    Youths Challenging Violent Extremism through Digital Platforms in the Philippines
    Primitivo III Cabanes Ragandang
  • 22nd March 2023
    Granola Nazis: Digital Traditionalism, the Folkish Movement and the Normalisation of the Far-Right
    Catherine Tebaldi
  • 20th March 2023
    Frank James: The New York Subway Shooter’s Radical Discourse on Social Media
    Khalil Boughali

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