Once a government or tech company develops a definition of terrorism or violent extremism, it can be difficult to know how to apply these definitions to the variety of ways that terrorism and violent extremism manifests internationally and across online spaces.

This section of the site aims to highlight contextual resources on themes related to applying definitions to the online space.  GIFCT funds the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET) to bring forward actionable insights from experts and practitioners around the world to better inform and give context to tech companies, governments, practitioners and other stakeholders in this field. Insights are curated here under context-based themes.


Platform & Product Type/Focus

The internet is not a homogenous space. There is significant variation in what platforms or tools online do, and subsequently an equally significant variation in how a platform might be exploited and the signal available to a platform to detect such exploitation. Experts continue to track the different types of platforms and tools being exploited by terrorists and violent extremist, looking at how and why a group or individual might use a product. While some platforms are more global in usage, others are specific to trends in regions or particular types of violent extremist groups.

  • 22nd February 2023
    Duelling Narratives of Vitality and Victimhood on Right-Wing TikTok: Exploring the #Pureblood Trend
    Meghan Conroy and Abbie Richaards
  • 08th February 2023
    From Atari to Allahu Akbar: Comparing White Supremacist and Jihadist Uses of Gamified Extremism
    Firas Mahmoud
  • 06th February 2023
    God of Race War: The Utilisation of Viking-Themed Video Games in Far-Right Propaganda
    Ashton Kingdon
  • 30th January 2023
    More Than Just Pretty Pictures: A Comparison of Australian and Canadian Far-Right Extremist ‘Reaction’ Usage on Facebook
    Jade Hutchinson and Dr. Julian Droogan
  • 12th January 2023
    Offline and Online Gender-Based Violence: Extremism Risk Assessment Tools and the Rise of the Incel Rebellion
    Esli Chan
  • 21st December 2022
    ‘Tis the Season to Sell Extremism: Far-Right Christmas Ads and the Parallel Economy
    Dr. Bethan Johnson
  • 12th December 2022
    The Cissexist Assemblages of Content Moderation
    Rae Jereza
  • 26th November 2022
    Online Platforms as Gendered Sites: Why We Should Pay Attention to Women-Only Forums
    Dr Alexandra Phelan, Dr Ayse Lokmanoglu and Dr Yannick Veilleux-Lepage
  • 02nd November 2022
    Understanding Eco-Fascism: A Thematic Analysis of the Eco-Fascist Subculture on Telegram
    Joshua Molloy

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