Once a government or tech company develops a definition of terrorism or violent extremism, it can be difficult to know how to apply these definitions to the variety of ways that terrorism and violent extremism manifests internationally and across online spaces.

This section of the site aims to highlight contextual resources on themes related to applying definitions to the online space.  GIFCT funds the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET) to bring forward actionable insights from experts and practitioners around the world to better inform and give context to tech companies, governments, practitioners and other stakeholders in this field. Insights are curated here under context-based themes.


Platform & Product Type/Focus

The internet is not a homogenous space. There is significant variation in what platforms or tools online do, and subsequently an equally significant variation in how a platform might be exploited and the signal available to a platform to detect such exploitation. Experts continue to track the different types of platforms and tools being exploited by terrorists and violent extremist, looking at how and why a group or individual might use a product. While some platforms are more global in usage, others are specific to trends in regions or particular types of violent extremist groups.

  • 09th May 2023
    Christgram: White Christian Extremism on Telegram
    Jakob Guhl
  • 21st April 2023
    Wilayat Facebook and Instagram: An Exploration of Pro-IS Activities on Mainstream Platforms
    Meili Criezis
  • 14th April 2023
    Extremist NFTs: How Does Blockchain Immortalise Extremism?
    Dr. Chamila Liyanage
  • 13th April 2023
    Violent Assemblages: Rethinking Screens, Media, and Lone Wolf Terrorism
    Manfredi Pozzoli
  • 04th April 2023
    Terrorist Bots: How Islamic State has Automated Management of its Online Community on Telegram
    Abdullah Alrhmoun, János Kertész and Charlie Winter
  • 22nd February 2023
    Duelling Narratives of Vitality and Victimhood on Right-Wing TikTok: Exploring the #Pureblood Trend
    Meghan Conroy and Abbie Richaards
  • 08th February 2023
    From Atari to Allahu Akbar: Comparing White Supremacist and Jihadist Uses of Gamified Extremism
    Firas Mahmoud
  • 06th February 2023
    God of Race War: The Utilisation of Viking-Themed Video Games in Far-Right Propaganda
    Ashton Kingdon
  • 30th January 2023
    More Than Just Pretty Pictures: A Comparison of Australian and Canadian Far-Right Extremist ‘Reaction’ Usage on Facebook
    Jade Hutchinson and Dr. Julian Droogan

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