About the Definitional Framework Principles Project
Below you can read information about who the Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT) are, the Definitional Framework Principles Project and, the Definitional Framework Tools found on this site. You can also view our FAQ and other useful resources below.
What is the definitional framework principles project?
This Definitional Frameworks and Principles project aims to help tech companies and the wider counterterrorism and counter-extremism community in understanding, developing, and applying definitions of terrorism and violent extremism. Using the definitional elements identified by Schmid and Jongman (1988) and research by Hedayah in GIFCT's Taxonomy Report, the Definitional framework principles project classifies and allows for comparisons of 82 definitions of terrorism and violent extremism from countries and intergovernmental bodies. It also aims to provide contextual resources for applying definitions, and risk mitigations around the application of designation lists.
What is the Definitional Framework Tool?
The Definitional Framework Tool is an online tool for visualizing and browsing the data collated by GIFCT in the definitional framework principles project. It has been designed to allow professionals and researchers to access the research to enable them to more easily manipulate and gain insights related to the different elements used in global definitions of terrorism and violent extremism globally.
What is the Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism?
The Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT) is an NGO designed to prevent terrorists and violent extremists from exploiting digital platforms. Founded by Facebook, Microsoft, Twitter, and YouTube in 2017, the Forum was established to foster technical collaboration among member companies, advance relevant research, and share knowledge with smaller platforms. Since 2017, GIFCT’s membership has expanded beyond the founding companies to include over a dozen diverse platforms committed to cross-industry efforts to counter the spread of terrorist and violent extremist content online.
Does the data include every country’s definition of terrorism and violent extremism?
While the current data is vast, and is continuously being updated, the current iteration of the framework includes 82 definitions of terrorism and violent extremism. This is made up of 60 national definitions of terrorist, 4 intergovernmental bodies’ definitions of terrorism, and 18 countries’ definitions of violent extremism. If you would like to contribute by sharing data that could help us expand this research please contact GIFCT via email at: [email protected]
How does GIFCT define terrorism and violent extremism?
Our goal is to prevent terrorist and violent extremist exploitation of digital platforms. Recognizing there is no universally agreed-upon definition of terrorism, GIFCT works to facilitate broad dialogue and analysis of how terrorism and violent extremism manifests across the ideological spectrum. Through GIFCT Working Groups, supporting academic research through GNET, and within the workshops and events we host, we offer information and insights about how online activity, ideological trends, current events, and other factors are contributing to terrorism and violent extremism throughout the globe.
However, when developing and operating cross-platform tools, such as the GIFCT hash-sharing database, that help tech companies identify and when applicable, take action on content on their platforms, we’ve established refined parameters and a definitional framework for what constitutes terrorist and violent extremist content. Hashes of terrorist and violent extremist content that qualify to be put in the hash-sharing database currently must meet a taxonomy that recognizes the original producers of the content as well as the type of content and severity for harm. Learn more about that taxonomy here.
What is the purpose of the Definitional Framework Principles Project?
The mission of the Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism is to prevent terrorists and violent extremists from exploiting digital platforms.GIFCT brings together the technology industry, government, civil society, and academia to foster collaboration and information-sharing to counter terrorist and violent extremist activity online. Central to our efforts is the protection and promotion of the fundamental human rights–to include freedom of expression–that terrorism seeks to undermine.
This tool is intended to provide tech companies, researchers, governments and practitioners with resources to enable them to better understand the ways that terrorism and violent extremism are defined, contextual resources for applying definitions, and awareness of risk mitigations around designation lists.
The elements that define terrorism
Compare the which behavioural signals governments and international bodies use the most to legally define and proscribe terrorist and violent extremist individuals, activities and groups.
How terrorism is defined globally
Compare the global use of behavioural signals that governments and international bodies use to legally define and proscribe terrorist and violent extremist individuals, activities and groups.
Contextual Resources: GNET
Browse and access the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET)'s wealth of actionable resources to gain a deeper understanding of how terrorism and violent extremism manifest in relation to specific themes.
Risk mitigation designation lists
Applying government terrorist designation lists. Understand the pros, cons, and risk mitigation strategies to consider when assessing how to apply government terrorist designation lists.