Once a government or tech company develops a definition of terrorism or violent extremism, it can be difficult to know how to apply these definitions to the variety of ways that terrorism and violent extremism manifests internationally and across online spaces.

This section of the site aims to highlight contextual resources on themes related to applying definitions to the online space.  GIFCT funds the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET) to bring forward actionable insights from experts and practitioners around the world to better inform and give context to tech companies, governments, practitioners and other stakeholders in this field. Insights are curated here under context-based themes.


  • 24th August 2023
    ‘Salad Bar Extremism’ as White Distraction: The (In)coherence of a Category
    Anna Meier
  • 23rd August 2023
    White Jihad: The Jihadification of White Supremacy
    Ariel Koch
  • 21st August 2023
    Examining Support for the 2023 Brazilian Coup Attempt: Gender Stereotypes and Occupational Trends in a Radicalised Digital Ecosystem
    Rosana Pinheiro Machado, Debora Diniz, Athus Cavalini, Fabio Malini and Wagner Silva Alves
  • 18th August 2023
    Discrepancies Between Social Media Policy and User Experience: A Preliminary Study of Extremist Content
    Thomas James Vaughan Williams, Calli Tzani and Maria Ioannou
  • 16th August 2023
    Meta Terror?: The Threats and Challenges of the Metaverse
    Dr. Gabriel Weimann
  • 14th August 2023
    A Move from Nazism to Nationalism: Changes in Far-Right Online Discourse Post-Ukraine Conflict
    Deina Venckunaite, Connor Rees and Dr. Lella Nouri
  • 11th August 2023
    Cults and Online Violent Extremism: Individual Risk Assessments
    Inform (Information Network Focus on Religious Movements)
  • 09th August 2023
    Cultic Fandoms: Columbine and Ted Kaczynski
    Inform (Information Network Focus on Religious Movements)
  • 07th August 2023
    Online Cultic Milieus: QAnon and Anti-Vax Conspiracy Movements
    Inform (Information Network Focus on Religious Movements)

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