Once a government or tech company develops a definition of terrorism or violent extremism, it can be difficult to know how to apply these definitions to the variety of ways that terrorism and violent extremism manifests internationally and across online spaces.

This section of the site aims to highlight contextual resources on themes related to applying definitions to the online space.  GIFCT funds the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET) to bring forward actionable insights from experts and practitioners around the world to better inform and give context to tech companies, governments, practitioners and other stakeholders in this field. Insights are curated here under context-based themes.


Tactical Exploitation of Online Services

Online terrorism and violent extremism comes in many forms and platforms are equally exploited in a variety of ways. Terrorist and violent extremist groups and individuals, like average users, use a mixture of platforms to further their aims. This cross-platform approach facilitates in storing content, holding private or confidential conversations, e-commerce for buying and selling goods as well as fundraising, recruitment, and the amplification of propaganda and messaging to the public. These signals, trends and adversarial shifts around this exploitation are highlighted by global experts.

  • 20th March 2024
    ‘It’s Over! White People are Finished’: Accelerationist Memes using Generative AI on 4chan’s ‘/pol‘
    Joshua Bowes
  • 28th February 2024
    POV: Wearable Cameras and the Gamification of Lone-Actor Terrorist Violence
    Manfredi Pozzoli
  • 23rd February 2024
    Weapons of Mass Hate Dissemination: The Use of Artificial Intelligence by Right-Wing Extremists
    Federico Borgonovo, Silvano Rizieri Lucini and Giulia Porrino
  • 21st February 2024
    Tech Triumphs or Terrors: The Implications of Emerging Technologies on Bioterrorism
  • 15th February 2024
    A Deadly Trifecta: Disinformation Networks, AI Memetic Warfare, and Deepfakes
    Achi Mishra and Vignesh Karumbaya
  • 08th February 2024
    Grooming for Violence: Similarities Between Radicalisation and Grooming Processes in Gaming Spaces
    Rachel Kowert and Elizabeth D. Kilmer
  • 05th February 2024
    AI Caliphate: The Creation of Pro-Islamic State Propaganda Using Generative AI
    Meili Criezis
  • 25th January 2024
    Navigating Far-Right Extremism in the Era of Artificial Intelligence
    Liram Koblentz-Stenzler and Uri Klempner
  • 19th January 2024
    764: The Intersection of Terrorism, Violent Extremism, and Child Sexual Exploitation
    Marc-André Argentino, Barrett G and M.B. Tyler

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