Once a government or tech company develops a definition of terrorism or violent extremism, it can be difficult to know how to apply these definitions to the variety of ways that terrorism and violent extremism manifests internationally and across online spaces.

This section of the site aims to highlight contextual resources on themes related to applying definitions to the online space.  GIFCT funds the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET) to bring forward actionable insights from experts and practitioners around the world to better inform and give context to tech companies, governments, practitioners and other stakeholders in this field. Insights are curated here under context-based themes.



Ideologically motivated violent groups and movements take different forms in different parts of the world. In a post-9/11 framework, and particularly since the rise of ISIS, most terrorist studies and counter-extremism work have focussed on Islamist extremist groups. However, we also see modern trends of groups associated with white supremacy and neo-Naziism, misogyny-based violent extremist groups often referred to as being part of the “incel” community, far-left groups, and neo-nationalist groups such as the Hindutva movement and Buddhist extremist groups in Asia. Across international far-right violent extremist trends we see an increase in violence inducing conspiracy theory networks, including new trends revolving around anti-vaccination movements and even anti-5G movements that have an effect on technology companies.

  • 06th March 2023
    Soliciting Online Bayʿat: Pro-Islamic State Responses to Abu al-Hassan al-Hashimi al-Qurashi’s Death
    Meili Criezis and Mona Thakkar
  • 15th February 2023
    The Dangers of Pseudohistorical Conspiracy Theories
    Harrison Pates
  • 27th January 2023
    Mainstreaming Far-Right Conspiracies: Éric Zemmour’s Discourse as a Case Study
    Sarah Cammarata
  • 10th January 2023
    Supreme Men, Subjected Women: Gender Inequality and Violence in Jihadist, Far-Right, and Male Supremacist Ideologies
    Joana Cook and Josh Roose
  • 04th January 2023
    Far-Right Factions And Threats After the United States Midterm Elections
    Pete Kurtz-Glovas
  • 07th December 2022
    Influential Moms: Examining Extremist Influencer Mothers
    Ye Bin Won, Meili Criezis and Jordan Chapman
  • 06th December 2022
    Deconstructing the ‘Jewess’: an Exploration of Gendered Antisemitism
    Hannah Rose
  • 01st December 2022
    Gendered Narratives, the Online-Offline Nexus and the Far-Right in Australia
    Dr Alexandra Phelan and James Paterson
  • 01st December 2022
    Not all Superheros Wear Capes: Identity Triggers the Trolls
    Kesa White

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. See our privacy policy.