Once a government or tech company develops a definition of terrorism or violent extremism, it can be difficult to know how to apply these definitions to the variety of ways that terrorism and violent extremism manifests internationally and across online spaces.

This section of the site aims to highlight contextual resources on themes related to applying definitions to the online space.  GIFCT funds the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET) to bring forward actionable insights from experts and practitioners around the world to better inform and give context to tech companies, governments, practitioners and other stakeholders in this field. Insights are curated here under context-based themes.


World Events

While robust policies and legislation on defining terrorism and violent extremism might be in place, it can be difficult to know how definitions apply to major global events. In recent years there have been significant offline events that impact counterterrorism and counter-extremism efforts online. The following key events highlight where global researchers have analyzed the impacts of these moments on the online space, focussing on how terrorist and violent extremist actors are using platforms around these events and where solutions can be found.


The Russian invasion of Ukraine has showcased the ways in which geopolitical events intersect with online spaces. The invasion of Ukraine has had an impact on extremism online, from the far-right’s use of the war to further radicalize audiences, to Islamic State accounts using ‘war-updates’ as a way to boost their online popularity and overall presence. Additionally, it has been used by certain groups to revive anti-semitic conspiracy theories and holocost denial.

  • 22nd November 2023
    The Wagner Group is Entering Its Terrorism Era
    Fahad Mirza
  • 14th August 2023
    A Move from Nazism to Nationalism: Changes in Far-Right Online Discourse Post-Ukraine Conflict
    Deina Venckunaite, Connor Rees and Dr. Lella Nouri
  • 03rd April 2023
    ‘Telegram is King’: Extremist Foreign Fighters in the Russo-Ukrainian war
    Clara May
  • 14th April 2022
    How the European Far Right is Using Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine to Radicalise its Audience
    Claire Burchett and James Barth
  • 07th April 2022
    Zelenskyy, ‘Denazification’ and the Redirection of Holocaust Victimhood
    Hannah Rose
  • 21st March 2022
    Why Some Far-Right Circles are Contributing to Vladimir Putin’s Disinformation Campaign
    Beatriz Buarque
  • 07th March 2022
    Far-Right Responses to Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine
    Sara Aniano
  • 02nd March 2022
    Islamic State Supporters Keeping Tabs on Ukraine
    Meili Criezis
  • 31st January 2020
    The Ukrainian Conflict: Foreign Volunteers and Online Identity Formation
    Chelsea Daymon

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