Once a government or tech company develops a definition of terrorism or violent extremism, it can be difficult to know how to apply these definitions to the variety of ways that terrorism and violent extremism manifests internationally and across online spaces.

This section of the site aims to highlight contextual resources on themes related to applying definitions to the online space.  GIFCT funds the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET) to bring forward actionable insights from experts and practitioners around the world to better inform and give context to tech companies, governments, practitioners and other stakeholders in this field. Insights are curated here under context-based themes.


World Events

While robust policies and legislation on defining terrorism and violent extremism might be in place, it can be difficult to know how definitions apply to major global events. In recent years there have been significant offline events that impact counterterrorism and counter-extremism efforts online. The following key events highlight where global researchers have analyzed the impacts of these moments on the online space, focussing on how terrorist and violent extremist actors are using platforms around these events and where solutions can be found.

  • 30th October 2023
    “Let Them Kill Each Other”: The Israel-Palestine War is the Perfect Storm for Canada’s Far-Right
  • 23rd October 2023
    Emojis of Terror: Telegram’s Role in Perpetuating Extremism in the October 2023 Hamas-Israel War
    Uri Klempner
  • 20th October 2023
    Technology and its Pivotal Role in Hamas’s Successful Attacks on Israel
    Dr Michele Groppi and Dr Vasco da Cruz Amador
  • 19th October 2023
    Pro-Islamic State Supporters’ Responses to the Israel-Hamas Conflict
    Meili Criezis
  • 21st August 2023
    Examining Support for the 2023 Brazilian Coup Attempt: Gender Stereotypes and Occupational Trends in a Radicalised Digital Ecosystem
    Rosana Pinheiro Machado, Debora Diniz, Athus Cavalini, Fabio Malini and Wagner Silva Alves
  • 14th August 2023
    A Move from Nazism to Nationalism: Changes in Far-Right Online Discourse Post-Ukraine Conflict
    Deina Venckunaite, Connor Rees and Dr. Lella Nouri
  • 11th April 2023
    25 Years After the Good Friday Agreement: Persistent Violence and the Role of Digital Platforms in Northern Ireland Today
    Kit Rickard
  • 06th April 2023
    From Blaming China to Attacking Domestic Elites: The Evolution of Hate Speech in a Telegram Channel during the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Dr. Matteo Vergani, Alfonso Martinez Arranz, Dr. Ryan Scrivens and Liliana Orellana
  • 03rd April 2023
    ‘Telegram is King’: Extremist Foreign Fighters in the Russo-Ukrainian war
    Clara May

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