Once a government or tech company develops a definition of terrorism or violent extremism, it can be difficult to know how to apply these definitions to the variety of ways that terrorism and violent extremism manifests internationally and across online spaces.

This section of the site aims to highlight contextual resources on themes related to applying definitions to the online space.  GIFCT funds the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET) to bring forward actionable insights from experts and practitioners around the world to better inform and give context to tech companies, governments, practitioners and other stakeholders in this field. Insights are curated here under context-based themes.



Ideologically motivated violent groups and movements take different forms in different parts of the world. In a post-9/11 framework, and particularly since the rise of ISIS, most terrorist studies and counter-extremism work have focussed on Islamist extremist groups. However, we also see modern trends of groups associated with white supremacy and neo-Naziism, misogyny-based violent extremist groups often referred to as being part of the “incel” community, far-left groups, and neo-nationalist groups such as the Hindutva movement and Buddhist extremist groups in Asia. Across international far-right violent extremist trends we see an increase in violence inducing conspiracy theory networks, including new trends revolving around anti-vaccination movements and even anti-5G movements that have an effect on technology companies.

  • 26th February 2024
    ‘Stand Against the Wiles of the Devil’: Interpreting QAnon as a Pseudo-Christian Extremist Movement
    Nicolò Miotto and Dr. Julian Droogan
  • 19th August 2022
    How QAnon is Dealing With The FBI Raid on Trump
    Mike Rains
  • 20th June 2022
    Nazis, Conspiracists, and the Australian Federal Election
    Dr. Gerard Gill
  • 07th March 2022
    Far-Right Responses to Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine
    Sara Aniano
  • 24th February 2022
    Communication Technologies, Conspiracies, and Disinformation in Latin America: COVID-19 and Beyond
    Dr. Alexis Henshaw
  • 18th February 2022
    Crowdfunding and Protest Financing: Emergency Law in Canada
    Jessica Davis
  • 06th January 2022
    QAnon and Beyond: Analysing QAnon Trends a Year After January 6th
    Marc-André Argentino, Sara Aniano
  • 20th October 2021
    The Persistence of QAnon on Mainstream Social Media
    Dr. Gerard Gill
  • 08th October 2021
    “Digital Soldier Reporting for Duty”: Far-Right Reactions to Major App Outages
    Sara Aniano

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. See our privacy policy.