Once a government or tech company develops a definition of terrorism or violent extremism, it can be difficult to know how to apply these definitions to the variety of ways that terrorism and violent extremism manifests internationally and across online spaces.

This section of the site aims to highlight contextual resources on themes related to applying definitions to the online space.  GIFCT funds the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET) to bring forward actionable insights from experts and practitioners around the world to better inform and give context to tech companies, governments, practitioners and other stakeholders in this field. Insights are curated here under context-based themes.



Ideologically motivated violent groups and movements take different forms in different parts of the world. In a post-9/11 framework, and particularly since the rise of ISIS, most terrorist studies and counter-extremism work have focussed on Islamist extremist groups. However, we also see modern trends of groups associated with white supremacy and neo-Naziism, misogyny-based violent extremist groups often referred to as being part of the “incel” community, far-left groups, and neo-nationalist groups such as the Hindutva movement and Buddhist extremist groups in Asia. Across international far-right violent extremist trends we see an increase in violence inducing conspiracy theory networks, including new trends revolving around anti-vaccination movements and even anti-5G movements that have an effect on technology companies.

  • 25th March 2024
    Preparing for the Boogaloo: How Far-Right Communities Rallied on Discord for the Unite the Right Rally
    Amin Mekacher
  • 18th November 2021
    Understanding Accelerationist Narratives: The Boogaloo
    Matthew Kriner, Alex Newhouse and Jonathan Lewis
  • 28th May 2021
    The Boogaloo Movement, Coded Communication and the Need for Context-Based Moderation
  • 07th January 2021
    3D-Printed Guns, Untraceable Firearms, and Domestic Violent Extremist Actors
    Jonathan Lewis
  • 26th October 2020
    LOL Extremism: Humour in Online Extremist Content
    Chelsea Daymon
  • 05th August 2020
    Facebook’s Disruption of the Boogaloo Network
    Jonathan Lewis
  • 08th June 2020
    Digital Platforms and Extremism 2: Electric Boogaloo
    Marc-André Argentino

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