Once a government or tech company develops a definition of terrorism or violent extremism, it can be difficult to know how to apply these definitions to the variety of ways that terrorism and violent extremism manifests internationally and across online spaces.

This section of the site aims to highlight contextual resources on themes related to applying definitions to the online space.  GIFCT funds the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET) to bring forward actionable insights from experts and practitioners around the world to better inform and give context to tech companies, governments, practitioners and other stakeholders in this field. Insights are curated here under context-based themes.


CT Efforts/Positive Interventions

Counterterrorism and counter-extremism campaigns and interventions online have evolved in recent years. These efforts aim to intervene in processes of radicalization, deplatform known extremist networks, redirect users to counterspeech content and positive alternatives, or direct users to resources that can help them disengage from violent extremist networks. International academics have been evolving the intervention space to discuss measurement and evaluation of these campaigns and programs, as well as looking to the future in assessing where interventions can evolve and innovate.


Humor and its appeals in everyday communication and content has not been ignored by terrorist and extremist movements online. Research has identified satire and sarcastic discourse within Islamist extremist content, but especially right-wing extremist content employing memes and GIFs. This use of humor allows groups to disguise hate speech from moderation frameworks and to use online games for recruitment and promoting violence.

  • 30th September 2021
    “He Looks Like a Clown”: Why is the Far-Right Mocking Fascists on Reddit?
    Barbara Molas
  • 05th November 2020
    The Hate Matrix of Online Gaming
    Dr. Matthew Sharpe
  • 26th October 2020
    LOL Extremism: Humour in Online Extremist Content
    Chelsea Daymon

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