Once a government or tech company develops a definition of terrorism or violent extremism, it can be difficult to know how to apply these definitions to the variety of ways that terrorism and violent extremism manifests internationally and across online spaces.

This section of the site aims to highlight contextual resources on themes related to applying definitions to the online space.  GIFCT funds the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET) to bring forward actionable insights from experts and practitioners around the world to better inform and give context to tech companies, governments, practitioners and other stakeholders in this field. Insights are curated here under context-based themes.


CT Efforts/Positive Interventions

Counterterrorism and counter-extremism campaigns and interventions online have evolved in recent years. These efforts aim to intervene in processes of radicalization, deplatform known extremist networks, redirect users to counterspeech content and positive alternatives, or direct users to resources that can help them disengage from violent extremist networks. International academics have been evolving the intervention space to discuss measurement and evaluation of these campaigns and programs, as well as looking to the future in assessing where interventions can evolve and innovate.


Deradicalization, or disengagement work, has been developed as both online and offline strategies. Examples include, virtual therapy via video conference, that can be used in combination with offline tactics, given the social nature of extremist movements and the radicalization process. Research suggests that deradicalization interventions should occur both on and offline.

  • 20th September 2023
    An Evolving Threat Landscape: Composite Violent Extremism and Prevention Efforts
    Daveed Gartenstein Ross and Thomas Plant
  • 05th September 2022
    Can Serious Games Make a Difference in P/CVE?
    Daniela Pisoiu
  • 31st August 2022
    The Time for e-Democracy is Now: How a Digitally Functional Democracy Could Prevent Extremist Accelerationism
    Jon Deedman
  • 05th July 2022
    Persuading with Fantasy: Why Digital P/CVE Narrative Campaigns May Benefit from Fictional Elements
    Linda Schlegel
  • 18th December 2020
    Deradicalisation by Videoconference
    Cameron Sumpter
  • 08th September 2020
    Indian States, Deradicalisation and Online Platforms
    Kabir Taneja
  • 28th April 2020
    Salafist Groups’ use of Social Media and its Implications for Prevention
    Hande Abay Gaspar

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