Once a government or tech company develops a definition of terrorism or violent extremism, it can be difficult to know how to apply these definitions to the variety of ways that terrorism and violent extremism manifests internationally and across online spaces.

This section of the site aims to highlight contextual resources on themes related to applying definitions to the online space.  GIFCT funds the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET) to bring forward actionable insights from experts and practitioners around the world to better inform and give context to tech companies, governments, practitioners and other stakeholders in this field. Insights are curated here under context-based themes.


CT Efforts/Positive Interventions

Counterterrorism and counter-extremism campaigns and interventions online have evolved in recent years. These efforts aim to intervene in processes of radicalization, deplatform known extremist networks, redirect users to counterspeech content and positive alternatives, or direct users to resources that can help them disengage from violent extremist networks. International academics have been evolving the intervention space to discuss measurement and evaluation of these campaigns and programs, as well as looking to the future in assessing where interventions can evolve and innovate.

Artificial Intelligence

Due to the volume of terrorist and violent extremist content on social media platforms, online tooling and artificial intelligence processes have been adopted in different ways by tech platforms to identify and remove illegal or violating content. Artificial intelligence is arguably advantageous as on large platforms. However, artificial intelligence may not always be inclusive of the global variances in linguistic dialects. While AI tools assist in getting the the scale and speed of problems online, some researchers are also concerned about impacts on the freedom of expression.

  • 28th March 2024
    Preventing Extremist Violence Using Existing Content Moderation Tools
    Kris McGuffie
  • 06th December 2023
    Weapon or Tool?: How the Tech Community Can Shape Robust Standards and Norms for AI, Gender, and Peacebuilding
    Nick Zuroski
  • 30th August 2023
    For the AI Generation, We Need Education as Much as Regulation
    Jon Deedman
  • 21st September 2022
    The Role of User Agency in the Algorithmic Amplification of Terrorist and Violent Extremist Content
    Ellie Rogers
  • 04th November 2021
    The Robots Will Not Save Us: The Limits of Machine Learning for Counterterrorism
    Christopher Wall
  • 31st December 2019
    AI for Content Moderation – what can we expect?
    Marie Schröter

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